Facelift is a cosmetic procedure designed to remove excess skin from the neck, lower jawline, and jowl to give the lower two-thirds of the face a more youthful and rested appearance.
The surgery is performed through incisions made in existing skin creases and hair-bearing areas surrounding the ear. The goal is to hide incisions so they are not visible during healing. Minimal or no hair is trimmed from the scalp along the incisions. The surgeon may adjust underlying tissue to create a smoother and more defined contours around the neck and jawline. Excess skin is then removed. If necessary, the surgeon will trim or remove localized deposits of fat along the jawline or under the chin with liposuction to create a nice contour. The surgeon tightens the tissue by moving the skin and often the deeper subcutaneous tissues and muscles to achieve the best possible symmetry. Excess skin is removed and the incisions are closed with sutures.
Facelifts are most commonly performed on people aged 40 to 80, but can be performed on younger or older patients depending on their needs and medical fitness. The results of a facelift can range from subtle to dramatic, depending on aging changes that were present prior to surgery. A person may be a candidate for a facelift if any of the following conditions are present: ● Deep creases in their face with tissue atrophy and skin laxity ● An undefined jawline with excess skin or loose jowls ● Loose skin, excess fatty tissue and muscle banding in the neck
It’s extremely important that you fill out your paperwork correctly regarding any medications or supplements you take as they might interfere with the smoothness and safety of your surgery. Also, if you’re a smoker, you should stop smoking at least 15 days prior to your procedure.
After surgery, the face and head will be bandaged, and patients will be sent home to recover. It is important to plan ahead and take about 1 week away from work for rest and recovery at home. During this time, patients may experience swelling, bruising, and discomfort. Any discomfort can be controlled using medication, and these symptoms will fade over the first few weeks of recovery. Facelift patients should avoid strenuous exercise for at least 2 weeks after surgery.
The results of the surgery will not be immediately evident, but will appear gradually as swelling and bruising fade. This process sometimes takes several weeks. Though patients still age normally after facelift surgery, a good procedure can turn back the clock several years on a person’s appearance, smoothing and tightening the facial skin and helping him or her look and feel more youthful and more attractive.
No, although the name “facelift” may make it sound like the procedure enhances the entire face, facelift surgery focuses on the lower two-thirds of the face only. Neither the forehead nor the eyes are directly affected by a facelift surgery. Cosmetic concerns in these areas must be addressed with different procedures that can be done alone or in combination with a facelift for a complete facial rejuvenation.
A traditional facelift refreshes the entire lower region of the face. As the most extensive option, it is usually the best choice for patients with deep folds and a significant amount of saggy skin. Other techniques, like a mini facelift or midface lift, focus on smaller problem areas. They are known for shortened downtime and reduced scarring. These options achieve the best results for patients with less advanced signs of aging.
Scarring is a possibility any time an incision is made in the skin. Facelift incisions are made in discreet locations around the natural creases of the ears or within the hairline. Scars from this procedure can be virtually undetectable once they have healed. Strict adherence to your aftercare instructions will reduce the risk of conspicuous scars.
The improvements from facelift surgery are long-lasting — typically from 5 to 10 years — but no surgery can stop the aging process or affect other contributing factors. Your skin will continue to age, but it will always look more beautiful and youthful than it would have without the procedure.